The kidneys are essential organs, performing a number of very important functions in our body. They are what can be termed as complicated machines that help keep our blood chemically balanced and clean at the same time.
Kidney disease is a condition characterized by a steady loss of kidney functionality over time. Here are some amazing kidney disease facts you need to know:
• The frequency of kidney failure (chronic kidney disease) has doubled in the last two decades.
• It is projected that presently, there are over one million people worldwide who are living on dialysis or with a functioning graft.
• Hypertension is also associated with kidney disease. Global increase for hypertension has also doubled in the last decade. Asians are more likely to have this condition in comparison to the white and black population.
• Of the recorded kidney diseases, 66% occur as a result of diabetes or hypertension.
• There are approximately 8 million people suffering from kidney disease in India alone.
• It is estimated that there are close to 11-30 million people suffering from chronic or other kidney disease associated conditions in the USA.
• In the United States, the cost of treating patients with renal replacements therapy will be $ 38 million dollars by the 2014. It is predicted that more than 500,000 patients will be in need of treatment.
• In India only 10% of patients who suffer from kidney disease are able to afford treatment.
• A change in lifestyle behavior like quitting smoking and regular exercise routines can help reduces the severity of infection.
• Kidney disease is reversible if detected early enough.
• 10% of people attending general practice have kidney disease and don’t know.
• 45% of people over 75 years have indications of possible kidney failure.
• People with kidney disease have a 2 to 3 fold greater risk of cardiac death than people without kidney disease.
• For people with chronic kidney disease, the risk of dying from cardiovascular reasons is 20 times greater than the risk of requiring dialysis or a kidney transplantation.
• In Australia, close to 900 kidney transplants were performed in 2011.
• Glomerural Filtration Rate (GFR) is the best test to assess kidney functionality.
• Persistent proteinuria (protein in the urine) is a huge indicator of chronic kidney disease.
• Three simple tests can help detect kidney disease. These are; blood pressure, urine albumin and serum creatinine.
• Dialysis is not a cure for kidney disease. It is just a life saving process and can be strenuous, expensive and comes with strict dietary and lifestyle restrictions.
• Unless patients of kidney failure are treated urgently, they can die in a matter of days due the accumulation of toxins and fluids in the body.
• About one third of transplanted kidneys come from living relatives and about two thirds come from someone who passed on recently
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These amazing facts pertaining to kidney disease will go a long way in shedding light and demystifying kidney disease altogether.